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Temat: Zjednoczone Królestwo
Hadrian's Wall (Latin: Vallum Hadriani) is a stone and turf fortification built by the Roman Empire in northern England to stop attacks by Scottish tribes. There were three legions working on it and in 10 years it was nearly finished.
It is made a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Vallum is a huge earthwork associated with Hadrian's Wall. Unique on any Roman frontier, it runs from coast to coast to the south of the wall.
Begun in AD 122, during the rule of the emperor Hadrian, it was the first of two fortifications built across Great Britain. The second was the Antonine Wall, the lesser known of the two.
The wall was the most heavily fortified border in the Empire. In addition to its role as a military fortification, it is thought that many of the gates through the wall would have served as customs posts to allow trade and levy taxation.
A significant portion of the wall still exists, particularly the mid-section, and for much of its length the wall can be followed on foot by Hadrian's Wall Path or by cycle on National Cycle Route 72.
It is the most popular tourist attraction in Northern England, where it is often known simply as the Roman Wall, or the Wall.
English Heritage, a government quango in charge of managing the historic environment of England, describes it as "the most important monument built by the Romans in Britain".